A Chromosome-Level Genome Assembly of Garlic (Allium sativum) using NGS technologies
Garlic is an economically important edible bulb that has been cultivated by humans for over 5000 years. This plant is used both as a spice and a medicinal crop. The bulb of the garlic plant is very enlarged and produces distinctive organosulfur compounds and a lot of research to date has focused on the benefit that consuming garlic can have on human health and managing symptoms of various diseases. A recent study,’ A Chromosome-Level Genome Assembly of Garlic (Allium sativum) Provides Insights into Genome Evolution and Allicin Biosynthesis,’ sequenced the garlic genome and examined the evolution of specific genes that are linked to the biosynthesis of allicin and inulin neoseries-type fructans. This work provides the first genome sequence for an Allium species and provides new resources that can advance research in agriculture and crop breeding.