The study of the human microbiome has gained unprecedented traction in recent years and has been advanced through the use of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies. For example, environmental factors, diet, and individual genetics all contribute to the diversity of the human skin and gut microbiome. The composition of the microbiome has been shown to impact an individual’s overall well-being and may even confer protection from pathogenic strains. Shotgun and amplicon-based metagenomic sequencing can provide insights to the functions and diversity of the human microbiome and reveal potential links between the microbiome and various health issues, such as obesity, metabolic diseases, and autistic symptoms in children (1). In addition, gut microbiome modulation has been shown to be a potential therapeutic option for ADHD (2). Active research in human health is underway and NGS tools remain a powerful tool to drive new discoveries.
The field is required.