The application of genomics in agriculture is contributing to the development of sustainable practices in the cultivation of crops and breeding of livestock, in an effort to meet food supply and nutritional demands of a population confronted with challenges ranging from expansion to climate change. The genetic selection of beneficial traits linked to desirable phenotypes such as optimal muscle mass in cattle or disease resistance in crops, is therefore the primary goal in animal and plant genomics.
Genomics Application in Agrigenomics
- Next-Generation Sequencing technologies allow for marker-assisted selection of desirable traits and promotes the prosperity of breeding and cultivation programmes.
- Genome sequencing can be applied at a population level to perform pathogen screening and ensure crop health and yield for cultivation and breeding.
- Metagenomics sequencing can be used to characterise environmental microbial communities and optimise this for a productive and stable production.