The main applications of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies in food science are metagenomic analysis of food borne pathogens and whole genome sequencing for food source tracking or identification of a single cultured isolate. Metagenomics also allows for monitoring of the food microbiome and emergence of any antibiotic resistance among pathogenic strains. Developments in NGS have led to huge progress in the tracking of pathogenic outbreaks and creating sanitation protocols in production facilities. Using NGS technologies can secure production lines and avoid costs of product recalls.
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